CAVAILLON


CAVAILLON
CAVAILLON, town in Vaucluse department, Southeast France, about 14 mi. (22 km.) S.E. of Avignon. From the 13th century, there was a Jewish community in Cavaillon, which later was one of the four tolerated in the French possessions of the Holy See. The Jews lived in the Rue Hébraïque, which from 1453 was their compulsory quarter (and still exists) and was stormed by the populace in 1456. The community at the end of the 18th century was so small that it was governed by a council of only three baylons. The numbers declined through   emigration, especially after the French Revolution opened up France to the Jews. There were 49 Jews living in Cavaillon in 1811 and only eight in 1935. After a temporary influx of refugees during World War II, the community ceased to exist until the arrival of a small number of Jews of North African origin, who formed a new community. The communal statutes of 1620 (also valid for L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue ) have been published. The present synagogue, classified as a historical monument, which was constructed in 1772, incorporated parts of the 16th-century former building. Smaller than that of carpentras , it surpasses it in the richness of the interior decoration, especially the carved wood and wrought-iron work. Adjoining the synagogue is the ancient bakery for unleavened bread which now forms part of the small Musée Judéo-Comtadin. The community followed the same liturgy as Carpentras, with slight differences, extant in several manuscripts written by local scribes. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Gross, Gal Jud, 538ff.; A. Mosse, Histoire des Juifs d'Avignon et du Comtat Venaissin (1934); Chobaut, in: REJ, 101 (1937), 3–52; 102 (1937), 3–39; C. Roth, in: Journal of Jewish Bibliography, 1 (1939), 99–105; Lavedan, in: Congrès archéologique de France, 121 (1963), 310ff. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cavaillon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cavaillon / Cavalhon …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cavaillon —   [kava jõ], Stadt in der Provence, im Département Vaucluse an der Durance, Frankreich, 23 100 Einwohner; archäologisches Museum; Marktzentrum eines intensiv genutzten Gemüse und Obstbaugebietes mit Nahrungs und Genussmittelindustrie.   Stadtbild …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Cavaillon — Surtout porté dans les Bouches du Rhône, devrait le plus souvent désigner celui qui est originaire de Cavaillon (84), mais il faut savoir que c est aussi le nom de divers hameaux, par exemple à La Touche (26). Etymologie controversée …   Noms de famille

  • Cavaillon — (spr. Kawaljong), Stadt an der Durance im Arrondissement Avignon des französischen Departements Vaucluse; Obst u. Früchte (namentlich Melonen), Seidenbau; 7000 Ew. Die Gegend heißt wegen ihrer Fruchtbarkeit Jardin de la Provence. – C. hieß im… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cavaillon — (spr. kawajóng), Stadt im franz. Depart. Vaucluse, Arrond. Avignon, in fruchtbarer Ebene, zwischen der Durance und dem Conlon, an der Lyoner Bahn, hat eine Kathedrale von 1251 mit moderner Fassade, ein schönes Stadthaus und (1901) 5786 (als… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cavaillon — (spr. kawăjóng), Stadt im franz. Dep. Vaucluse, an der Durance, (1901) 9850 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cavaillon — (Cawaljong), frz. Stadt im Departem. Vaucluse mit 7500 E., Seidencultur und Seidenindustrie …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • cavaillon — CAVAILLON, Cabellij, Cauillio, nunc Cauallicensis ciuitas Episcopalis …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Cavaillon —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Cavaillon (Haïti).  43° 50′ 15″ N 5° 02′ 17″ E …   Wikipédia en Français


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